Paresthesia or ‘tingling’ is characterized by a number of features and symptoms. The characteristics and symptoms of paresthesia include:
- Numbness or numbness
- Sensation like needling
- Burning sensation
- Tingling body parts feel stiff
- The body feels weak
The characteristics or symptoms of paresthesia above occur in the area of the body that experiences it, in this case such as the hands and feet. In temporary paresthesias, these symptoms will disappear by themselves after a while. Another case with chronic paresthesia, where tingling can last long and often so that requires medical treatment.
First of all, the doctor will ask a number of questions to the patient regarding the complaints experienced:
- How long has this condition lasted?
- Have you experienced this condition before? If yes, how often?
- Have a history?
- What activities are carried out everyday?
- What has been done to overcome this problem?
2. Physical Examination
After that, the doctor will examine the patient’s physical condition, especially in the internal organs related to the condition of the paresthesia.
3. Supporting Examination
To ensure a diagnosis of the cause of paresthesia, the doctor will carry out a supporting procedure, which includes:
- Neurological examination , which checks the nervous system thoroughly to identify the part of the nerve that is experiencing interference
- CT Scan or MRI , aims to identify any disturbances in the neck and spine
- Blood tests , including taking blood and cerebrospinal fluid samples
Treatment of Paresthesia
How to treat paresthesia must be adjusted to the cause of paresthesia itself. If paresthesia is a symptom of a neurological disease, treating the disease is the only way to get rid of the tingling.
Unfortunately, in cases of chronic paresthesia, tingling does not necessarily just disappear, there is even a possibility that this condition will reappear later. Because the nerves that have been damaged cannot be completely repaired.
But don’t be discouraged. At least there are ways you can do to relieve symptoms of paresthesia so as not to interfere with your daily activities, namely by taking drugs such as:
- Tricyclic antidepressants , function to relieve pain that may be caused
- Corticosteroids , function to deal with inflammation (inflammation) and pain
- Phenytoin, gabapentin, pregabalim , functions as an anti-seizure
However, it should be noted that these drugs have a number of side effects, namely:
- Dry mouth
- Joint infection
- Damage to nerves
- Sexual disorders