Paresthesia (Tingling): Causes

What Is Paresthesia?

Paresthesia is a condition in which the body, precisely in the area of ​​the hands and feet, experiences a heat sensation, such as needle puncture, and numbness or numbness. Paresthesia (tingling) generally appears suddenly, with or without pain. Paresthesia is temporary (temporary), and chronic.

Temporary paresthesia is the most common tingling condition experienced by everyone. As the name suggests, this paresthesia only occurs for a while and will disappear on its own without special treatment. This is different from chronic paresthesia, where paresthesia is a sign of an illness so medical treatment is needed to cure it.

Causes of Paresthesia

Broadly speaking, there is a disturbance or trauma to the body’s nerve tissue to cause paresthesia. In paresthesia or temporary ‘tingling’, this is caused by pressure on the nerves, or blocked blood circulation. Sitting cross-legged or sleeping with your head resting on one hand is an example of a cause of paresthesias.

Meanwhile, the cause of chronic paresthesia can be due to a nervous disorder that is quite serious and requires special medical treatment to treat it. These nerve disorders are then classified as follows:

1. Neuropathy

Neuropathy is a condition in which there is damage to the nervous system. This is especially true for those who suffer from high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). The appearance of paresthesia or chronic ‘tingling’ is one symptom of neuropathy, in addition to other symptoms such as paralysis (paralysis).

2. Radiculopathy

In addition to neuropathy, other causes of chronic paresthesias are radiculopathy.

Radiculopathy is a condition in which the nervous system experiences pressure, inflammation (inflammation), and irritation. This condition is vulnerable to those who suffer:

  • Narrowing of the spinal cord
  • Nuclear pulposus hernia or ‘pinched nerve’
  • Lumps in the spinal cord

Meanwhile, radiculopathy that occurs in the neck area (cervix) is the cause of paresthesia which attacks the neck area itself, even the upper arm. While the radiculopathy that attacks the waist area (lumbar) affects the tingling area of ​​the thigh to the foot. If this condition continues, what happens is the weakening of the foot due to the pressure that occurs on the sciatic nerve.

In addition to the 2 (two) main causes of chronic paresthesia above, other factors that cause paresthesia are:

  • Nerve injury
  • Stroke
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Diabetes
  • Liver disorders
  • Kidney disorders
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Spinal cord abnormalities
  • Brain tumor
  • Lyme disease
  • HIV
  • Lack of vitamins B1, B6, B12, E
  • Excess vitamin D
  • Chemotherapy
  • Alcohol consumption

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