Symptoms of Pectus Excavatum
It has been mentioned that severe Pectus Excavatum can suppress the heart and lungs. If Pectus Excavatum is like that, then there are some symptoms, namely:
- Frequent shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Palpitations (fast beating heart)
- Wheezing or coughing
- Often feeling tired
- Frequent respiratory tract infections
- Have short breaths
- Stamina is not good
- Rarely do sports
When to go to the doctor?
If you or a family member has a basin around the breastbone, immediately go for a check-up or take it to the doctor. Moreover, if the concave chest appearance is accompanied by a number of symptoms that have been mentioned.
People with sunken chests who experience some of these symptoms may already be at a severe stage, so they need to be addressed immediately so they don’t get worse.
Diagnosis of Pectus Excavatum
The doctor will examine your chest to see the condition of the basin in the chest. In addition, there are several tests that need to be done.
1. Imaging test
Imaging tests that can be used to diagnose Pectus Excavatum are chest x-rays and CT scans. Chest X-rays use X-rays to see the tilt of the breastbone. There may be some discomfort when you are undergoing an x-ray.
If your doctor suspects that Pectus Excavatum has suppressed the heart, you will need to undergo an electrocardiogram. This diagnosis is useful for showing your heart’s rhythm, whether normal or irregular.
Echocardiogram is done with the aim to see the working condition of the heart after the condition of the valve. The results can support doctors to conclude heart health conditions in patients with Pectus Excavatum.
Treatment of Pectus Excavatum
Treatment of Pectus Excavatum depends on the severity and symptoms experienced. Mild level Pectus Excavatum sufferers can simply do treatment by undergoing some physical therapy.
Physical therapy aims to improve posture and increase the angle in the sternum. However, if Pectus Excavatum is severe, the treatment is to do surgery.
There are two types of operations that are most commonly performed to handle Pectus Excavatum cases, namely the operation of smaller incisions and larger incisions. The surgery is done so that the sternum and position can be raised so as not to suppress the heart and lungs.